December 17, 2018

How to Perform a Facial Treatment: 9 Step Guide

Facials are a relaxing way to exfoliate and hydrate the skin, creating a bright, beautiful complexion. There are many reasons why your clients may request a professional facial treatment: they could want clearer skin, may need hydration, or may understand the anti-aging benefits of a facial. Whatever reason they have for scheduling a facial, you’ll want to be prepared. The following are 9 steps to giving a professional facial treatment.

1.) Have a Conversation About the Professional Facial Treatment

The first step of a facial will consist of talking with your client to determine what they are looking for in their facial treatment. Learn about their skin type and what they hope will come from the professional facial treatment. You may also want to discuss the extraction process with them and find out what their tolerance is. Extraction is a key step in the facial process, but some skin types are too sensitive and may not benefit from this process. 

2.) Wrap Hair Prior to Performing the Facial

Prior to performing a professional facial treatment, wrap your client’s hair to keep water and products out of it. Be sure to not wrap the hair too tight or too loose – too tight and you may give your client a headache, negating the relaxation they should be feeling throughout the facial treatment; too loose, and water or products can get in. Our esthetician education program provides students with the necessary resources, beauty concepts, and skills required to perform skin care and professional facial treatments in a spa setting. Enroll in an esthetics course at our beauty school to learn the latest beauty techniques. 

3.) Choose Appropriate Products for the Professional Facial Treatment

Once your client is comfortable, spend time analyzing their skin to determine skin type. Cover their eyes with a cool eye mask and use a bright light with a magnifying mirror to learn about the skin and determine which products should be used for the professional facial treatment to get the best result for your client. 

4.) Cleanse Your Clients Skin

After skin analysis, you would need to cleanse the skin with the appropriate cleanser based on your observation on the skin type and/or skin condition. This may be the most important facial step to addressing your client’s needs. Cleansers come in different formulations where enzymes and hydroxy acids can be added to assist in cell turnover, brightening or even help prevent breakout activity. 

5.) Exfoliate the Skin

The exfoliation step of a facial usually occurs after the cleansing step or during the masking phase. This is considered one of the most important steps for the Esthetician, because the exfoliating products that can be utilized are available to licensed professionals only. Proper education is essential due to the nature of the chemistry behind the exfoliants and their effects on the skin. Exfoliants vary from being mechanical, chemical or both, and always follow manufacturer’s instruction on usage. 

6.) Massage Your Clients Facial Muscles

If you’re learning how to give a facial treatment, the next step is to massage your clients facial muscles. To perform a facial massage, use your fingertips and apply light pressure, moving slowly towards the ears. You may also move your fingers in a circular motion to stimulate the skin. Use these classic massage techniques throughout the professional facial to make your client’s skin feel and look great. 

7.) Apply a mask

Typically facial masks are applied toward the end of the professional facial treatment. Masks come in different formulas and consistencies. Generally, clay/mud masks are great for absorbing excess oil, cream-based masks help address dryness, whereas gel type masks can address multiple concerns like dehydration. The mask is applied with a soft fan brush starting on the décolleté or neck area and sliding upward toward the face in long feathering relaxing strokes. 

8.) Perform a Scalp Massage

Once the facial mask has been applied, don’t leave your client in the dark. Instead, unwrap your client’s hair and treat them to a scalp massage as you wait for the facial treatment product to work it’s magic (please follow your state regulation). Place a small amount of oil on your finger tips and massage the scalp using small, circular movements. Doing this will put your client in an even deeper state of relaxation.

9.) Moisturize and Protect

This is the last step in a facial treatment. Application of toners, serums, face oils, essences, vitamins and retinols are performed before applying the moisturizer. These serums help address specific skin care concerns your client has such as pigmentation, breakouts and wrinkles. Moisturizers help restore the skin barrier, that is why you apply it towards the end of the professional facial treatment. Moisturizer is applied followed by sunscreen. It is recommended to apply a minimum of a SPF 30 to give your client adequate protection against UV rays. 

Offer Skin Care Advice After the Facial

Once you’ve completed all of the necessary steps of a facial treatment, you’ll have learned a lot about your client’s skin. Before they leave, take a minute to offer them your expert advice on in-home skin care for their skin type. Give them the tools they need to have better, healthier looking skin, and they’re sure to come back and see you the next time they need a facial or other skin care treatment.

Pivot Point Academy provides intuitive esthetician classes to teach students how to perform the perfect facial. Sign up for an esthetics course at our beauty school to master the latest skin care treatments and facial techniques. The staff at our school also provide courses in areas such as cosmetology, barbering, and makeup. Give our staff a call at (847) 985-5900 to learn more about our beauty courses.

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